Gray John R., Glysson G. Douglas, Turcios Lisa M. and Schwarz Gregory
E., 2000
Comparability of SuspendedSediment Concentration and Total
Suspended Solids Data
WaterResources Investigations Report 004191
Techniques
of WaterResources Investigations Reports
USGS TWRI Book 1

Collection of Water Data by Direct Measurement
Section D: Water Quality
Chapter D1  Water temperature  influential
factors, field measurement, and data presentation
Stevens H.H. Jr., Ficke J.F. and Smoot G.F., 1975.
Water temperature  influential factors, field measurement, and data
presentation
USGS—TWRI Book 1, Chapter D1. 1975.
Chapter
D2  Guidelines for collection and field analysis of groundwater
samples for selected unstable constituents
Wood W.W., 1976.
Guidelines for collection and field analysis of groundwater samples for
selected unstable constituents
USGS—TWRI Book 1, Chapter D2. 1976.
USGS TWRI Book 2

Collection of Environmental Data
Section D: Surface geophysical methods
Chapter D1  Application of surface geophysics to groundwater
investigations
Zhody A.A.R., Eaton G.P. and Mabey D.R., 1974.
Application of surface geophysics to groundwater investigations
USGS—TWRI Book 2, Chapter D1. 1974.
Chapter D2  Application of seismicrefraction techniques to hydrologic
studies
Haeni F.P., 1988.
Application of seismicrefraction techniques to hydrologic studies
USGS—TWRI Book 2, Chapter D2. 1988.
Section E: Subsurface geophysical methods
Chapter E1  Application of borehole geophysics to waterresources
investigations
Keys W.S. and MacCary L.M., 1971.
Application of borehole geophysics to waterresources investigations
USGS—TWRI Book 2, Chapter E1. 1971.
Chapter E2  Borehole geophysics applied to groundwater investigations
Keys W.S., 1990.
Borehole geophysics applied to groundwater investigations
USGS—TWRI Book 2, Chapter E2. 1990.
USGS TWRI Book 3

Applications of Hydraulics
Section A: Surfacewater techniques
Chapter
A01  General field and office procedures for indirect discharge
measurements
Benson M.A. and Dalrymple Tate, 1968
General field and office procedures for indirect discharge measurements
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A1. 1968.
Chapter A02  Measurement of peak discharge by the
slopearea method
Dalrymple Tate and Benson M.A., 1968
Measurement of peak discharge by the slopearea method
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A2. 1968.
Chapter
A03  Measurement of peak discharge at culverts by indirect methods
Bodhaine G.L., 1968
Measurement of peak discharge at culverts by indirect methods
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A3. 1968.
Chapter
A04  Measurement of peak discharge at width contractions by indirect
methods
Matthai H.F., 1967
Measurement of peak discharge at width contractions by indirect methods
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A4. 1968.
Chapter
A05  Measurement of peak discharge at dams by indirect methods
Hulsing Harry, 1967
Measurement of peak discharge at dams by indirect methods
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A5. 1967.
Chapter
A06  General procedure for gaging streams
Carter R.W. and Davidian Jacob, 1968
General procedure for gaging streams
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A6. 1968.
Chapter
A07  Stage measurement at gaging stations
Buchanan T.J. and Somers W.P., 1968
Stage measurement at gaging stations
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A7. 1968.
Chapter
A08  Discharge measurements at gaging stations
Buchanan T.J. and Somers W.P., 1969
Discharge measurements at gaging stations
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A8. 1969.
Chapter
A09  Measurement of time of travel in streams by dye tracing
Kilpatrick F.A. and Wilson J.F. Jr, 1989 Measurement of time of travel in streams by dye tracing
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A9. 1989.
Chapter
A10  Discharge ratings at gaging stations
Kennedy E.J., 1984 Discharge ratings at gaging stations
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A10. 1984.
Chapter
A11  Measurement of discharge by the movingboat method
Smoot G.F. and Novak C.E., 1969
Measurement of discharge by the movingboat method
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A11. 1969.
Chapter
A12  Fluorometric procedures for dye tracing,revised
Wilson J.F. Jr., Cobb E.D. and Kilpatrick F.A., 1986 Fluorometric procedures for dye tracing,revised
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A12. 1986.
Chapter
A13  Computation of continuous records of streamflow
Kennedy E.J., 1983 Computation of continuous records of streamflow
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A13. 1983.
Chapter
A14  Use of flumes in measuring discharge
Kilpatrick F.A. and Schneider V.R., 1983
Use of flumes in measuring discharge
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A14. 1983.
Chapter
A15  Computation of watersurface profiles in open channels
Davidian Jacob, 1984 Computation of watersurface profiles in open channels
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A15. 1984.
Chapter
A16  Measurement of discharge using tracers
Kilpatrick F.A. and Cobb E.D., 1985 Measurement of discharge using tracers
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A16. 1985.
Laenen Antonius Acoustic velocity meter systems
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A17. 1985.
Chapter
A18  Determination of stream reaeration coefficients by use of tracers
Kilpatrick F.A., Rathbun R.E., Yotsukura Nobuhiro, Parker G.W. and
Delong L.L., 1989 Determination of stream reaeration coefficients by use of tracers
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A18. 1989.
Chapter
A19  Levels at streamflow gaging stations
Kennedy E.J., 1990 Levels at streamflow gaging stations
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A19. 1990.
Chapter
A20  Simulation of soluble waste transport and buildup in surface
waters using tracers
Kilpatrick F.A., 1993 Simulation of soluble waste transport and buildup in surface waters
using tracers
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter A20. 1993.
Chapter B1  Aquifertest design, observation, and data analysis
Stallman R.W., 1971 Aquifertest design, observation, and data analysis
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter B1. 1971.
Chapter B2  Introduction to groundwater hydraulics
Bennett G.D., 1976 Introduction to groundwater hydraulics
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter B2. 1976.
Chapter B3  Type curves for selected problems of flow to wells in
confined aquifers
Reed J.E., 1980 Type curves for selected problems of flow to wells in confined
aquifers
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter B3. 1980.
Chapter B4  Regression modeling of groundwater flow
Cooley R.L. and Naff R.L., 1990 Regression modeling of groundwater flow
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter B4. 1990.
Chapter B5  Definition of boundary and initial conditions in the analysis
of saturated groundwater flow systems—an introduction
Franke O. Lehn, Reilly T.E. and Bennett G.D., 1987 Definition of boundary and initial conditions in the analysis of
saturated groundwater flow systems—an introduction
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter B5. 1987.
Chapter B6  The principle of superposition and its application in
groundwater hydraulics
Reilly T.E., Franke O. Lehn and Bennett G.D., 1987
The principle of superposition and its application in groundwater
hydraulics
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter B6. 1987.
Chapter B7  Analytical solutions for one, two, and threedimensional
solute transport in groundwater systems with uniform flow
Wexler E.J., 1992
Analytical solutions for one, two, and threedimensional solute
transport in groundwater systems with uniform flow
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter B7. 1992.
Chapter B8  System and boundary conceptualization in groundwater flow
simulation
Reilly T.E., 2001
System and boundary conceptualization in groundwater flow simulation
USGS—TWRI Book 3, Chapter B8. 2001.
Riggs H.C. and Hardison C.H., 1973 Storage analyses for water supply
USGS—TWRI Book 4, Chapter B2. 1973.
Chapter B3  Regional analyses of streamflow characteristics
Riggs H.C., 1973 Regional analyses of streamflow characteristics
USGS—TWRI Book 4, Chapter B3. 1973.
Section D: Interrelated phases of the hydrologic cycle
Chapter D1  Computation of rate and volume of stream depletion by wells
Jenkins C.T., 1968 Computation of rate and volume of stream depletion by wells
USGS—TWRI Book 4, Chapter D13. 1968.
USGS TWRI Book 5

Laboratory Analysis
Section A: Water analysis
Chapter A1  Methods for determination of inorganic substances in water
and fluvial sediments
Fishman N.J. and Friedman L.C., 1989 Methods for determination of inorganic substances in water and
fluvial sediments
USGS—TWRI Book 5, Chapter A1. 1989.
Chapter A2  Determination of minor elements in water by emission
spectroscopy
Barnett P.R. and Mallory E.C., 1971 Determination of minor elements in water by emission spectroscopy
USGS—TWRI Book 5, Chapter A2. 1971.
Chapter A3  Methods for analysis of organic substances in water
Goerlitz D.F. and Brown Eugene, 1972 Methods for analysis of organic substances in water
USGS—TWRI Book 5, Chapter A3. 1972.
Chapter A4  Methods for collection and analysis of aquatic biological and
microbiological samples
Britton L.J. and Greeson P.E. (editors), 1972 Methods for collection and analysis of aquatic biological and
microbiological samples
USGS—TWRI Book 5, Chapter A4. 1989.
Chapter A5  Methods for determination of radioactive substances in water
and fluvial sediments
Tharcher L.L., Janzer V.J. and Edwards K.W., 1977 Methods for determination of radioactive substances in water and
fluvial sediments
USGS—TWRI Book 5, Chapter A5. 1977.
Chapter A6  Quality assurance practices For the chemical and biological
analyses of water and fluvial sediments
Friedman L.C. and Erdmann D.E., 1982 Quality assurance practices For the chemical and biological analyses
of water and fluvial sediments
USGS—TWRI Book 5, Chapter A6. 1982.
Section C: Sediment analysis
Chapter C1  Laboratory theory and methods for sediment analysis
Guy H.P., 1969 Laboratory theory and methods for sediment analysis
USGS—TWRI Book 5, Chapter C1. 1969.
USGS TWRI Book 6

Modeling Techniques
Section A: Ground water
Chapter A1  A modular threedimensional finitedifference groundwater
flow model
McDonald M.G. and Harbaugh A.W., 1988 A modular threedimensional finitedifference groundwater flow
model
USGS—TWRI Book 6, Chapter A1. 1988.
Chapter A2  Documentation of a computer program to simulate
aquifersystem compaction using the modular finitedifference groundwater
flow model
Leake S.A. and Prudic D.E., 1991 Documentation of a computer program to simulate aquifersystem
compaction using the modular finitedifference groundwater flow model
USGS—TWRI Book 6, Chapter A2. 1991.
Chapter A3  A modular finiteelement model (MODFE) for areal and
axisymmetric groundwaterflow problems, Part 1: Model description and
user's manual
Tork L.J., 1993 A modular finiteelement model (MODFE) for areal and axisymmetric
groundwaterflow problems, Part 1: Model description and user's manual
USGS—TWRI Book 6, Chapter A3. 1993.
Chapter A4  A modular finiteelement model (MODFE) for areal and
axisymmetric groundwaterflow problems, Part 2: Derivation of
finiteelement equations and comparisons with analytical solutions
Cooley R.L., 1992 A modular finiteelement model (MODFE) for areal and axisymmetric
groundwaterflow problems, Part 2: Derivation of finiteelement
equations and comparisons with analytical solutions
USGS—TWRI Book 6, Chapter A4. 1992.
Chapter A5  A modular finiteelement model (MODFE) for areal and
axisymmetric groundwaterflow problems, Part 3: Design philosophy and
programming details
Torak L.J., 1993 A modular finiteelement model (MODFE) for areal and axisymmetric
groundwaterflow problems, Part 3: Design philosophy and programming
details
USGS—TWRI Book 6, Chapter A5. 1993.
Chapter A6  A coupled surfacewater and groundwater flow model (MODBRANCH)
for simulation of streamaquifer interaction
Swain E.D. and Wexler E.J., 1996 A coupled surfacewater and groundwater flow model (MODBRANCH) for
simulation of streamaquifer interaction
USGS—TWRI Book 6, Chapter A6. 1996.
USGS
 TWRI Book 7 
Automated Data Processing and Computations
Section C: Computer programs
Chapter C1  Finitedifference model for aquifer simulation in two
dimensions with results of numerical experiments
Trescott P.C., Pinder G.F. and Larson S.P., 1976 Finitedifference model for aquifer simulation in two dimensions
with results of numerical experiments
USGS—TWRI Book 7, Chapter C1. 1976.
Chapter C2  Computer model of twodimensional solute transport and
dispersion in ground water
Konikow L.F. and Bredehoeft J.D., 1978 Computer model of twodimensional solute transport and dispersion in
ground water
USGS—TWRI Book 7, Chapter C2. 1978.
Chapter C3  A model for simulation of flow in singular and interconnected
channels
Schaffranek R.W., Baltzer R.A. and Goldberg D.E., 1981 A model for simulation of flow in singular and interconnected
channels
USGS—TWRI Book 7, Chapter C2. 1981.
USGS TWRI Book 8

Instrumentation
Section A: Instruments for measurement of water level
Chapter A1  Methods of measuring water levels in deep wells
Garber M.S. and Koopman F.C., 1968 Methods of measuring water levels in deep wells
USGS—TWRI Book 8, Chapter A1. 1968.
Chapter A2  Installation and service Manual for U.S. Geological Survey
manometers
Craig J.D., 1983 Installation and service Manual for U.S. Geological Survey
manometers
USGS—TWRI Book 8, Chapter A2. 1983.
Section B: Instruments for measurement of discharge
Chapter B2  Calibration and maintenance of verticalaxis type current
meters
Smoot G.F: and Novak C.E., 1968 Calibration and maintenance of verticalaxis type current meters
USGS—TWRI Book 8, Chapter B2. 1968.
USGS TWRI Book 9 
Handbooks for WaterResources Investigations
Section A: National Field Manual for the Collection of WaterQuality Data